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neuron;brain vascular integrity;miR-132;exosome

Neurons Regulate Brain Vascular Integrity by Secreting Exosomes[Apr 25, 2017]

A recent study carried out by Dr. DU Jiulin's research group at the Institute of Neuroscience of Chinese Academy of Sciences reported that neurons transfer miR-132 into brain vascular endothelial cells (ECs) via exosomes to promote brain vascular integrity. This study was published in Cell Research.

SnRK2;mRNA biogenesis;DCL1;SE;miRNA

SnRK2 Kinases Modulate miRNA Accumulation in Arabidopsis[Apr 24, 2017]

In plants, the core components of miRNA processing complex include the RNAse III enzyme DICER-LIKE 1 (DCL1), the zinc finger protein SERRATE (SE) and the double-stranded RNA binding protein HYPONASTIC LEAVES (HYL1). The research group led by Prof. ZHU Jiankang at Shanghai Institute of Plant Physiology and Ecology of Chinese Academy of Sciences, collaborating with researchers at Purdue University, found that the SnRK2 protein kinases phosphorylate HYL1 and SE and modulate mRNA biogenesis.

honey bees;beekeeping;biodiversity conservation;income generation

Beekeeping Increases Income and Forest Protection Awareness of Households in Lao PDR[Apr 24, 2017]

Together with Prof. CHEN Jin, Souvick Chanthayod, who is from Lao and now pursuing his Master degree at Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden (XTBG) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, conducted a study to see the benefits of beekeeping and its contribution to forest conservation.

kirkendall effect;heterostructure;heterogeneous composite hollow nanostructures;superlattice nanowire;nanoscale;annealing

Annealing Behavior of Superlattice Nanowire Structure Helps to Expand Kirkendall Effect[Apr 24, 2017]

A Chinese research team led by Prof. FEI Guangtao of Institute of Solid State Physics, Hefei Institutes of Physical Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, reported the high temperature oxidation behavior of superlattice nanowire structure, and revealed that the elements diffusion quantity plays an important role in the morphology evolution based on Kirkendall effect. Their work was detailed in Scientific Reports.

cambricon;deep learning chip;deep learning

China Invests US$1.4 Million to Develop Cambricon Deep Learning Chips[Apr 24, 2017]

The Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) has set aside RMB 10 million (~US$1.4 million) to develop a brain-inspired processor chip specialized for deep learning. Called Cambricon, the chip is expected to be the world's first processor that simulates human nerve cells and synapses to conduct deep learning, according to a statement issued by CAS.

atmospheric nitrogen;nitrogen gas;battery

Battery Prototype Powered by Atmospheric Nitrogen[Apr 24, 2017]

As the most abundant gas in Earth's atmosphere, nitrogen has been an attractive option as a source of renewable energy. But nitrogen gas doesn't break apart under normal conditions, presenting a challenge to scientists who want to transfer the chemical energy of its triple bond into electricity. Researchers present one approach to capturing atmospheric nitrogen that can be used in a battery.

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