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Scientists Find Impact of Global Oceanic Warming on Winter Eurasian Climate

Aug 14, 2018     Email"> PrintText Size

A vigorous and continuous rise in sea surface temperature (SST) and land surface temperature has been caused by increasing greenhouse gas concentrations during the last century. Several studies have suggested that the direct response of land temperature to radiative forcing is much smaller than the response to SST anomalies induced by radiative forcing.

The importance of oceanic warming in climate change research under a CO2-enriched atmosphere cannot be ignored. But what role does global oceanic warming play in winter Eurasian climate?


Difference in sea level pressure (color-shading; units: hPa) and 850-hPa winds (vectors; units: m s-1) between the LTw and control runs of (a) CAM3.5, (b) GFDL and (c) CCM3. The black lines indicate the 90% confidence level (positive, solid line; negative, dashed line). (Image by HAO Xin)  

Recently, PhD student HAO Xin from the Institute of Atmospheric Physics (IAP) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, along with her coauthors, carried out a study focusing on the contribution of global oceanic warming to winter Eurasian climate change, using a series of model simulations.

Large-scale patterns of covariability between global oceanic warming and circulation anomalies were investigated based on simulations, and the result was similar to that based on NCEP–NCAR reanalysis data. Specifically, a positive North Atlantic Oscillation anomaly, low-pressure anomalies in northern Eurasia, and a weaker-than-normal East Asian trough are induced by global oceanic warming.

"Our results suggest there are warmer winters in Europe and the northern part of East Asia," said HAO. 

The team also found that Eurasian climate changes differ slightly among the three models adopted in this study. "The eddy forcing and convective heating in the models may be the reason for their different representations of the response of Eurasian climate." HAO said. 

The research entitled "Impact of Global Oceanic Warming on Winter Eurasian Climate" was published in Advances in Atmospheric Sciences.


(Editor: LI Yuan)

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