/   Home   /   Newsroom   /   Research News

Diaporthe lithocarpus and Pestalotiopsis microspora Cause Postharvest Rot of Kiwifruit in China

Nov 24, 2016     Email"> PrintText Size

Kiwifruit is a very important commercial crop in China which is the most important producer of the fruit worldwide. The relatively rapid expansion given over to kiwifruit has resulted in the spread of various diseases including postharvest rot.

During the cold storage period, initial infected symptoms begin as slightly shriveled areas on the fruit peel. When the infected fruits have been removed and placed at room temperature, the internal tissue becomes disorganized, softer and lighter green in six to 10 days, and finally the severely decayed tissue emits a sour smell. 

Since 2014, Prof. ZHONG Caihong and her research team from Wuhan Botanical Garden of Chinese Academy of Sciences have been focusing on the research of kiwifruit postharvest rot. In order to clarify the pathogens causing kiwifruit rot disease in China, they isolated several from rotten fruits (‘Jinyan’, ‘Hongyang’, ‘Jinkui’, ‘Guichang’ and ‘Qinmei’ cultivars) collected from provinces including Henan, Hubei, Chongqing, Jiangxi, Guizhou, Shanxi, Sichuan, Fujian, Anhui and Hunan during 2014-2015. 

By using biological characteristics analysis, pathogenicity test and internal transcribed spacer (ITS) molecular sequencing, researchers showed that four species were responsible for kiwifruit rot disease in different regions of China. They were Phomopsis sp. (Diaporthsp.), Botryosphaeria dothidea, Alternaria alternate and Pestalotiopsis sp. The species of pathogen detected in different regions were significantly distinct, among which D. lithocarpus and P. microspor were firstly reported as pathogens causing kiwifruit postharvest rot in China. 

This is the first study that systematically analyzed the pathogens of kiwifruit postharvest rot in China. It revealed the distribution of pathogens in China, and laid a foundation for resistance mechanism research, disease resistance breeding and prevention of kiwifruit rot disease. Considering the economic importance of kiwifruit in China and throughout the world, further study of kiwifruit rot is warranted. 

Results have been published in Plant Disease entitled “First Report of Diaporthe lithocarpus Causing Postharvest Rot of Kiwifruit in Sichuan Province, China ” and “ First Report of Pestalotiopsis microspora Causing Postharvest Rot of Kiwifruit in Hubei Province, China”. 

This project was supported by the Chinese Academy of Sciences Science and Technology Service Network Program and the Ministry of Agriculture's Crop Germplasm Resource Conservation and Utilization Project.

 

Figure 1: Rot symptoms on infected kiwifruit and Colony characteristics, conidia of D. lithocarpus (Image by ZHONG’s group)

 

Figure 2: Colony characteristics, conidia of P. microspora (Image by ZHONG’s group) 

Attachment:

(Editor: LIU Jia)

Contact

ZHONG Caihong

Wuhan Botanical Garden

Phone:
E-mail: zhongch@wbgcas.cn

Related Articles

kiwifruit; postharvest rot;

Researchers Identify Two New Pathogens Responsible for Postharvest Rot of Kiwifruit

May 09, 2017

Since 2014, Prof. ZHONG Caihong and Dr. LI Li from Wuhan Botanical Garden of the Chinese Academy of Sciences have been focusing on the research of kiwifruit postharvest rot. In order to clarify the pathogens which causing kiwifruit rot disease in China, several strains w...

Nigrosporaoryzae;colletotrichum gloeosporioides;Brown/Black Spot Disease;anthracnose;kiwifruit

Two New Pathogens Lead to Brown/Black Spot Disease and Anthracnose of Kiwifruit

Sep 07, 2017

Since 2016, Prof. ZHONG Caihong and Dr. LI Li from Wuhan Botanical Garden of the Chinese Academy of Sciences have been focusing on the annual disease investigation in Taishun County of Zhejiang Province, and Liupanshui city of Guizhou Province.

Contact Us

Copyright © 2002 - Chinese Academy of Sciences