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autophagy;drug addition;ATG5;ATG7

Scientists Reveal Molecular Mechanism of Autophagy in Drug Addiction[Aug 07, 2017]

Autophagy is a lysosome-mediated degradation pathway actively involved in drug addiction. Recently, a research group at Kunming Institute of Zoology (KIZ) of Chinese Academy of Sciences in collaboration with other researchers found that Atg5- and Atg7-dependent autophagy in dopaminergic neurons regulates cellular and behavioral responses to morphine.

schizotypy;developmental trajectories;psychosis;mental illness;schizotypy traits

Scientists Identify Four Distinct Developmental Trajectories for Individuals[Aug 07, 2017]

Drs. Raymond Chan, WANG Yi, SHI Haisong, LIU Wenhua and the team of the Neuropsychology and Applied Cognitive Neuroscience (NACN) Laboratory, CAS Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, and international collaborators have conducted a prospective longitudinal study to identify whether there would be latent groups of individuals with distinct trajectories of schizotypal traits, and whether these potentially identified groups of individuals would be characterized by unique behavioural, emotional and social functioning performances.

leaf senescence;WRKY45; Arabidopsis;transcriptional activator;gibberellin

WRKY45 Functions as Positive Regulator of GA-mediated Leaf Senescence in Arabidopsis[Aug 07, 2017]

Prof. YU Diqiu and his team from Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden (XTBG) used a molecular and genetic approach to investigate the role of Arabidopsis thaliana WRKY DNA binding protein 45 (WRKY45) in age-triggered leaf senescence.

irrigation;desert;drought;Taklimakan Desert;Taklimakan Desert Highway Shelterbelt

Appropriate Irrigation Intervals Better for Keeping Taklimakan Desert Highway Shelterbelt[Aug 07, 2017]

Dr. LI Congjuan from XIEG found that the studied species Haloxylon ammodendron and Calligonum mongolicunl maintained similar ecophysiologically adaptive strategies, while C. Mongolicunl was more sensitive to drought stress because of its shallow root systems and preferential belowground allocation of resources, and a moderate irrigation interval of four weeks was suitable for plants of the shelterbelt. Appropriate intervals will meet the water demands of the plants and save water at the same time.

Titanium dioxide;TLR4;host immune;macrophage;

Dietary Exposure to Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticles Affects Host Immune Function Through Macrophages[Jul 12, 2017]

Recently, a research team led by Dr. WANG Hui from Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences of Chinese Academy of Sciences identified that TiO2 nanoparticles in food could change the function of macrophages in a Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)-dependent manner which led to the disturbance of host immune balance.

scorpion sting;scorpion;TRPV1;venom

Why Scorpion Stings Deliver an Insufferable Pain[Aug 03, 2017]

Scorpion stings are well known to be extremely painful. A recent study conducted by LAI Ren and his colleagues at Kunming Institute of Zoology of Chinese Academy of Sciences, UC Davis in USA and Zhejiang University revealed the molecular mechanism of why scorpion stings produce an insufferable pain.

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