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Scientists Broaden Unexplored Window Scope of Near-Infrared Fluorescence Imaging

Aug 08, 2018     Email"> PrintText Size

A research team led by Prof. CAI Lintao at the Shenzhen Institutes of Advanced Technology (SIAT) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences extended near-infrared fluorescence imaging window ranges. This has markedly enhanced signal-to-background ratio because autofluorescence, scattering and light absorption by biological tissues and water are weaker at longer wavelengths.  

Their related work was published in Theranostics with the title "Near-infrared fluorescence imaging in the largely unexplored window of 900–1,000 nm".

Near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence imaging is a powerful technique for visualizing deep-tissue structures, like blood vessels, lymph nodes and detecting tumors.  

Currently, the scientific community posits that there are two biologically transparent windows where NIR fluorescence imaging can be performed: one called NIR-Ia (700–900 nm), the other called NIR-II (1,000–1,700 nm) window. Most people have been avoiding the NIR-Ib (900–1,000 nm) window due to the lack of suitable fluorophores and the presence of a water overtone absorbance peak. 

In this study, scientists found that six heptamethine dyes had distinct emission peaks in both the NIR-Ia and NIR-Ib window. They demonstrated that NIR-Ib fluorescence imaging was clearer, sharper and more penetrative than NIR-Ia fluorescence imaging.

The technique could yield images of lymph nodes, subcutaneous tumors, brain tumors and-for the very first time-leaf veins and early infected anthracnose of plant leaves. 

To gain molecular insights into how NIR-Ib fluorescence imaging works, they performed linear spectral unmixing analysis to show that autofluorescence and scattering were reduced in the NIR-Ib window.

"This work not only contests a widespread assumption in NIR fluorescence imaging but also have important implications in botany, ecology and medical research," said Prof. CAI.

 

Heptamethine dyes had distinct emission peaks in both the NIR-Ia and NIR-Ib window, and the technique applied for plant vein imaging. (Image by CAI Lintao) 

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(Editor: LI Yuan)

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ZHANG Xiaomin

Shenzhen Institutes of Advanced Technology

Phone: 86-755-8658529
E-mail: xm.zhang@siat.ac.cn

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